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MS mild/low carbon steel has excellent weldability, produces a uniform and harder case, and is
considered the best steel for carburized parts. MS mild/low carbon steel offers a good balance of
toughness, strength, and ductility. MS hot rolled steel has significant mechanical properties,
improved machining characteristics, and has a high Brinell hardness measure.
Specific manufacturing controls are used for surface preparation, chemical composition, rolling and heating processes. All these processes develop a supreme quality product that is suited to fabrication processes such as welding, forging, drilling, machining, cold drawing, and heat treating.
Applications of MS Mild/Low Carbon Steel:
- It is used in bending, crimping, and swaging processes. Carburized parts that include worms, gears, pins, dowels, non-critical components of tool and die sets, tool holders, pinions, machine parts, ratchets, dowels, and chain pins use MS mild/low carbon steel.
- It is widely used for fixtures, mounting plates, and spacers.
- It is suitably used in applications that do not need high strength of alloy steels and high carbon.
- It provides high surface hardness and softcore to parts that include worms, dogs, pins, liners, machinery parts, special bolts, ratchets, chain pins, oil tool slips, tie rods, anchor pins, studs, etc.
- It is used to improve drilling, machining, threading, and punching processes.
- It is used to prevent cracking in severe bends
Addition to other grades:
EN1A, EN3B, EN8, EN8D, EN9, EN19, EN24, EN31, EN32B, EN36C, EN41B, EN43B, EN47, EN353, IS2062, 42Crmo4, OHNS, HCHCR, D2, D3, H-11, H-13, CW-1, M2, M35, M42, 2714, SKD-11, P20, P20+S, P20+Ni, SCM 420, ASTM SA-36, ASTM SA-105, SAE 1018, SAE 1020, SAE 4140, SAE 8620, 16MNCR5, 20MNCR5, C20, C35, C40, C45, C50, C60, CK45, 20C8, 40C8, 45C8, 55C8, C55MN75, SAE 52100, S40C, S355J2G3.
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The following table shows the chemical composition of MS steel:
|Hardness, Knoop (Converted from Brinell hardness)
|Hardness, Rockwell B (Converted from Brinell hardness)
|Hardness, Vickers (Converted from Brinell hardness)
|Tensile Strength, Ultimate
|Tensile Strength, Yield
|Elongation at Break (In 50 mm)
|Reduction of Area
|Modulus of Elasticity (Typical for steel)
|Bulk Modulus (Typical for steel)
|Poissons Ratio (Typical For Steel)
|Machinability (Based on AISI 1212 steel. as 100% machinability)
|Shear Modulus (Typical for steel)
A significant amount of this grade of steel is used in the as- forged condition since its machinability in this condition has been found to be better than that in the normalized condition.
Little is to be gained, at this carbon level, by a quenching treatment.
This process requires heating to be carried out between 780°C – 820°C. MS mild/low carbon steel is then quenched in water.
MS mild/low carbon steel is tempered at 150°C – 200°C to improve case toughness. This process has little or no effect on hardness. Grinding cracks are reduced when MS mild/low carbon steel is tempered.
This process requires heating at 1150°C – 1280°C and MS mild/low carbon steel are held until the temperature becomes constant. 900°C is the minimum temperature required for the forging process. The steel is cooled in the air after this process.
A temperature of 500°C – 700°C is required to relieve stress in MS mild/low carbon steel that is later cooled down in still air.
MS mild/low carbon steel should be heated at 890°C – 940°C and then cooled in still air.
The MS mild/low carbon steel is heated at 870°C – 910°C and allowed to cool in a furnace.
The machinability of MS mild/low carbon steel is graded at 78% of B1112.
MS mild/low carbon steel can be instantly welded by all the conventional welding processes. Welding is not recommended for MS mild/low carbon steel when it is carbonitrided and carburized.
Low carbon welding electrodes are used in the welding procedure. Post-heating and pre-heating are not necessary; although pre-heating can be performed for sections over 50 mm. Post-weld stress-relieving also has benefits, like the pre-heating process.
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