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Grade Introduction:

C60 carbon steel is an unalloyed medium carbon engineering steel that has 0.57%-0.65% Carbon as per EN10083 standard. It has characteristics similar to that of C55 carbon steel which has high hardness and high strength after hardening. C60 is difficult to weld, and machinability is poor due to high carbon content. This steel is generally supplied in an untreated or normalized condition.

Grade Application:

C60 carbon steel is an unalloyed heat treatable steel. It is mainly used for parts of mechanical and vehicle engineering. A typical application such as wheels, rims, toothed shafts, cylinders, shafts, axles, pins, screwdrivers, pliers, and similar items

Equivalent grades:

USA UK China Japan Australia
1060 070M60 60# S60C 1060

Addition to other grades:

MS, EN1A, EN3B, EN8, EN8D, EN9, EN19, EN24, EN31, EN32B, EN36C, EN41B, EN43B, EN47, EN353, IS2062, 42Crmo4, HCHCR, D2, D3, H-11, H-13, CW-1, M2, M35, M42, 2714, SKD-11, P20, P20+S, P20+Ni, SCM 420, ASTM SA-36, ASTM SA-105, SAE 1018, SAE 1020, SAE 4140, SAE 8620, 16MNCR5, 20MNCR5, C20, C35, C40, C45, C50, C60, CK45, 20C8, 40C8, 45C8, 55C8, C55MN75, SAE 52100, S40C, S355J2G3.

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Chemical composition:

The following table shows the chemical composition of C60 steel:

Grade C Mn P S Si Cr Mo Ni Cr+Mo+Ni
C60/1.0601 0.57-0.65 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.045 ≤ 0.045 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.1 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.63
C60E/1.1221 0.57-0.65 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.03 ≤ 0.035 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.1 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.63
C60R/1.1223 0.57-0.65 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.03 0.02-0.04 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.1 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.63

Mechanical Properties:

Mechanical properties a at room temperature in the quenched and tempered condition (+QT)
Diameter d mm ≤ 16 16-40 40-100
Thickness t mm < 8 8-20 20-60
Yield Strength Mpa ≥580 ≥520 ≥450
Tensile Strength Mpa 850-1000 800-950 750-900
Elongation, % ≥11 ≥13 ≥14
Reduction of area ,% ≥25 ≥30 ≥35

Mechanical properties a at room temperature in the normalized condition (+N)
Diameter d mm ≤ 16 16-100 100-250
Thickness t mm ≤ 16 16-100 100-160
Yield Strength Mpa ≥380 ≥340 ≥310
Tensile Strength Mpa ≥710 ≥670 ≥650
Elongation, % ≥10 ≥11 ≥101


Heat Treatment:


  • Hardening:810 – 850°C, water or oil quench


  • Tempering:550 – 660°C, Cooling in air

Physical Properties

Physical PropertiesMetricImperialDensity7.85 g/cm30.284 lb/in3

Thermal Properties

Forging Properties:

C60 steel forging temperature:900 – 1100°C, cooling as slowly as possible in the sand after forged.

Stress Relieving:


820 – 880°C, Cooling in air.


680 – 710°C, Cooling in the furnace.


Density 7.85 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3



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Supply Cities: Ahmedabad, Amaravathi, Ambattur, Bangalore, Belgaum, Chennai, Chittoor, Coimbatore, Dindigul, Mysore, Nellore, Hyderabad, Kochi, Mangalore, Tirupur, Tuticorin, Madurai, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Puducherry, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Salem, Thanjavur, Trichy, Erode, Vellore, Ranipet, Sivakasi, Karur, Hosur, Nagercoil, Kanchipuram, Karaikudi, Neyveli, Cuddalore, Kumbakonam, Thiruvannamalai, Pollachi, Rajapalayam, Gudiyatham, Pudukottai, Vaniyambadi, Ambur, Nagapattinam, Trivandrum, Vijayawada, Guntur, Thirupathi, Nazarathpet, Kakinada, Kurnool, Kadapa, Nizamabad, Mahabubnagar, Karimnagar.